Nearly 200,000 people in Bugabira, Kirundo and Busoni communes (Kirundo province) are in need of assistance following below-average rainfall during the September-December 2021 rainy season. at least 90% of leguminous crops and 70% of cereal crops. Livelihoods have been severely affected, as 98% of the population of Kirundo province practice agriculture as their main means of livelihood. People get by by eating one meal a day, selling productive assets like land and livestock, and pulling children out of school to save on school fees and putting them to work to help feed their family. The elderly, people with disabilities and children are particularly vulnerable due to the displacement of their family members in search of food and work opportunities. Affected people need food and livelihood assistance, including seeds, farming tools and agricultural training, as well as food and nutrition care to combat malnutrition.
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Since April 2021, at least 25 civilians have died and 31 have been injured in incidents involving explosive devices planted by armed groups. The latest incident dates back to March 3, when a truck hired by a humanitarian organization to transport materials for the construction of a school hit an explosive device on the Bozoum – Bocaranga axis (Ouham Pende). The presence of explosive devices has significantly reduced humanitarian access in Mambéré-Kadéï and Ouham-Pendé prefectures, contributing to a 34% increase in the number of people in need of assistance in each of these prefectures from 2021 to 2022 Restrictions on movement in the north-west and west of the country following explosive contamination are forcing humanitarian organizations to temporarily suspend their activities, leaving displaced people in the areas of Bouar (Nana-Mambéré), Paoua and Bocaranga ( Ouham-Pendé). The presence of explosive devices limits people’s access to fields and other means of subsistence, as well as to health care and education.
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An escalation of clashes between the SPLA-IO and armed youths in Koch, Mayendit and Leer counties (Unity State) from mid-February led to the displacement of 39,000 people. Several people were injured or killed. At least nine women were allegedly sexually assaulted. Personal property was destroyed and humanitarian supplies were looted in the violence. The displaced people have taken refuge in the town of Leer (Leer County), where they need shelter, food and drinking water. The people of Unity State were affected by severe flooding in 2021 and continue to have a wide range of unmet needs. The humanitarian response in Unity State is facing increased access constraints due to incidents of looting and attacks on aid workers, which has led to the relocation and temporary suspension of some operations humanitarians.
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