Since 2011, intense conflict and political fragmentation have had a significant impact on Libya’s social fabric, basic services and national infrastructure. The conflict-shattered economy and COVID-19 have worsened the coping capacities of the most vulnerable, including migrants.
Despite the fragile security and political situation, people’s humanitarian needs are decreasing. The number of internally displaced people continues to decline, but safe and dignified returns remain hampered by the lack of protection and security. The EU remains the largest humanitarian donor in Libya.
What are the needs ?
After years of conflict, the UN estimates that around 662,000 Libyans have returned home while more than 179,000 remain internally displaced. Mine contamination and the perceived lack of security, jobs and basic services deter people from returning home.
More than 610,000 migrants, asylum seekers and refugees from 43 countries reside in Libya. More than 5,000 migrants are held in detention centers where they are exposed to inhuman conditions, lacking the most basic protection.
In 2022, the humanitarian community aims to support 211,000 vulnerable people. The shattered economy and COVID-19 have led to rising food prices.
Libya has seen some improvement since the ceasefire in 2020. However, the most vulnerable people still struggle to meet their basic needs such as food, healthcare, education, protection, housing and water.
Some 800,000 people have limited access to health care. Drug shortages are common. The lack of health care resources makes it difficult to manage the pandemic effectively.
Displaced Libyans, people without legal status, refugees and migrants struggle to obtain civil documentation, which is necessary to access services and assistance.
At least 253 schools have been damaged over the past decade. School closures related to COVID-19 and inconsistent electricity and internet have hurt children’s education.
How do we help?
Since 2011, the EU has allocated €88.3 million in humanitarian aid to Libya, including €4 million in 2022.
Our funding this year is helping address the country’s most pressing needs and supporting the rollout of the COVID-19 vaccinationSearch for available translations of the preceding linkEN**—**. EU humanitarian partners ensure people in need can access healthcareSearch for available translations of the preceding linkEN**—**, educationSearch for available translations of the preceding linkEN**—** , protectionSearch for available translations of the previous linkFR**—** and cash assistanceSearch for available translations of the preceding linkFR**—**.
Multi-purpose cash assistance is provided to extremely vulnerable people who are excluded from social protection schemes and who resort to negative coping strategies such as skipping meals or keeping their children out of school.
Protection interventions focus on the impact of conflict on civilians. EU partners support victims of sexual and gender-based violenceSearch for available translations of the preceding linkEN**—** and other forms of violence, abuse and exploitation. The EU also funds child protection and education for children who are out of school or at risk of dropping out.
EU humanitarian aid has helped restore education in the east of the country, allowing children to learn in a safe environment. In 2022, the EU continues to support child protection and education services across Libya.
Legal assistance helps beneficiaries receive legal documents such as birth registration and marriage certificates.
Health interventions include (i) primary and emergency health care, (ii) physical rehabilitation and orthopedic services, (iii) mental health and psychosocial support, (iv) reproductive health services and ( (v) care for survivors of gender-based violence.
At the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, EU humanitarian partners stepped up awareness raising and hygiene promotion campaigns among vulnerable communities. They have also adapted aid programs to limit the risk of infection, shifting to alternative approaches to psychosocial support and education.
The EU also supports the promotion of international humanitarian lawSearch for available translations of the preceding linkEN**—** and humanitarian coordination.
EU-funded humanitarian aid is provided without discrimination to vulnerable people, according to need and regardless of their nationality or status. During disasters or sudden displacements, we support the distribution of mattresses, blankets and hygiene kits.
Libya also receives development and early recovery assistance through other EU funding sources such as the EU Trust Fund for AfricaSearch for available translations of the preceding linkEN**—* *. In a nexus approachSearch for available translations of the preceding linkEN**—**, the EU’s humanitarian and development services work together to ensure a link between short-term emergency aid and the longer-term development assistance, particularly in the health sector .
In addition, the European Commission is providing €100 million in humanitarian aidSearch for available translations of the preceding linkEN**—** to support the deployment of vaccination campaigns in African countries with critical humanitarian needs and fragile health systems.
At least €5 million of this funding will support the vaccination of the most vulnerable in North Africa, including €3 million in Libya.
Last update: 02/15/2022 Photo: © PUI, 2020
Facts and figures
610,000 migrants 179,000 internally displaced persons (IOM DTM)
803,000 people in need in 2022:
- 132,000 internally displaced
- 232,000 migrants
- 43,000 refugees
- 281,000 people affected by war, COVID-19 and lack of services
- 115,000 returnees (HNO 2021 / OCHA)
EU humanitarian funding: €4 million in 2022 €88.3 million since 2011