Despite significant additional challenges in 2020 associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in the 17 countries that were part of the RMRP response – including the increased needs of refugees and migrants from Venezuela and affected host communities, the restrictions movements imposed by host governments to curb the spread of the virus and associated changes in response modalities for humanitarian actors – R4V partners have reached a total of 3.18 million Venezuelans and community members reception with some form of assistance in 2020, representing 66% of the target population. To take into account the significant changes in context, needs and operational realities that resulted, the R4V regional platform conducted a global review from April 2020, in consultation with the 8 national and sub-regional platforms and the regional sectors, to revise the Response Plan by May 2020. Of the 1.4 billion requested for the revised 2020 RMRP, 682 million have been received, for a total of 48.4% of the 2020 RMRP call.
COVID-19 and the various control measures adopted by governments have created additional risks and challenges for Venezuelan refugees and migrants, especially in the areas of protection, livelihoods, health and welfare. education. Limitations on business activities often drastically reduced income opportunities for Venezuelan refugees and migrants and increased the risk of deportation and homelessness. Restrictions on movement have created additional protection risks, including trafficking and smuggling, as well as concerns about access to territory, access to asylum procedures and deportations. The responses of R4V partners have shown adaptability and ingenuity to continue providing assistance despite these challenges, notably through new means of remote attention using technological solutions to reach people in need. Assistance in cash and vouchers (CVA) has taken on an expanded role in R4V in several countries, both because it has made it possible to meet critical needs, and because it is a modality that could be implemented remotely or with adjustments to comply with health restrictions. Despite the plethora of challenges, there have also been positive developments, in terms of integrating Venezuelan refugees and migrants into nationwide COVID-19 response plans, ensuring access to health services. , vaccinations and several initiatives to promote an extended regularization and documentation of Venezuelans (including Costa Rica and Colombia).
In order to coordinate the response of the 151 partners participating in the RMRP 2020, the regional platform R4V organized regular meetings of the regional platform and further consolidated the regional response structure, including through its nine regional sectors (education , health, humanitarian transport, integration, NFI, Nutrition, Protection, Shelter, WASH) and eight national and sub-regional platforms (in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, the Caribbean, Central America and in Mexico, and in the Southern Cone) as detailed in the following chapters.