Somalia Situation Report, 31 August 2022 – Somalia

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STRONG POINTS

  • Famine is predicted in Baidoa and Burhakaba districts in Bay region from October to December unless life-saving aid is urgently stepped up to reach those most in need.

  • About 7.8 million Somalis have been affected by the worst drought in four decades, with more than a million people displaced by the drought, including nearly 99,000 in August

  • Humanitarian partners are racing against time to save lives and livelihoods. By July, more than 5.3 million people had received assistance, compared to 3.4 million in June.

  • Donors have generously increased funding. The humanitarian response plan is 65% funded as of August 31. However, critical sectors remain underfunded and needs are growing

  • CERF has allocated an additional $10 million and the Somali Humanitarian Fund $9.5 million to support communities in areas most at risk of famine.

KEY FIGURES

7.8 million people affected by drought

1.1 million people displaced by drought

5.3 million people affected by drought response

4.3 million people are food insecure

300.6K people expected to be in CPI-5 in October

6.4 million people do not have access to drinking water

FUNDING (2022)

$1.5 billion required

$1 billion received

71% progress

ANALYSIS

Projected famine in the Bay Area from October to December.

Famine (IPC Phase 5) is expected to unfold in the Bay region of south-central Somalia from October to December if multi-sector humanitarian assistance does not urgently reach those in need. most need, according to the results of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Famine Review Committee (FRC). Although the levels of acute malnutrition among children and the rate of hunger-related deaths have not yet reached the IPC technical definition of famine (IPC Phase 5), the thresholds could be reached in the coming months. Famine is expected to occur in Baidoa and Burkhakaba districts and among newly arrived internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Baidoa settlements. The Bay region is one of the areas where famine claimed lives in 2011 and was also the epicenter of the drought-related humanitarian crisis in 2017. Over the past two years, the region has experienced a loss scale of food and income, mainly due to the impact of drought, leading to a sharp increase in the number of people who have limited access to food and have lost their livelihoods. Malnutrition levels are high (critical) in the area, with the main referral hospital reporting an increase in the number of children admitted for complications related to severe acute malnutrition.

According to IPC analysis, famine conditions are expected to last at least until March 2023, as rains from October to December 2022 are expected to be significantly below average, representing the fifth consecutive season of failure. rains in Somalia. The severity of the crisis will deepen as commodity prices are likely to remain high amid increased population displacements, disease outbreaks and increased mortality due to inadequate health and water services, all being compounded by increased insecurity and conflict. With nearly 60,000 people in Baidoa and nearly 15,000 in Burhakaba estimated to be in CPI 5 in July-September, the latest projections show a likely double increase in October December, with figures rising in both districts to 137,000 people and nearly 30,000, respectively. Given that households in Bay and other parts of Somalia have suffered large food consumption deficits for many months, the accumulation of deaths over time could easily exceed those that occur over a period of one month. shorter period meeting the technical definition of famine. In any case, even if the technical threshold of famine is not reached within this timeframe, a large-scale humanitarian response is still needed to treat and prevent acute malnutrition in children and limit hunger-related deaths that occur in times of Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency. (IPC Phase 4).

Disclaimer

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA’s activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.
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